The life of a medical resident isn’t easy.
You’ve spent eight years or more in undergraduate studies and medical school. Student loan debt keeps piling up. You’re working 12 to 16 hours a day while making around $50,000 annually.
You have little time to think about the future or what you would do if an unforeseen event prevented you from practicing medicine. And it’s hard to find room in your budget for things beyond basic living expenses.
Given the circumstances, physician disability insurance may be one of those purchases you plan to delay until you enter practice. However, there are several reasons to consider buying disability insurance during your residency.
You’ve invested thousands of hours and a lot of money to practice medicine. The payoff will come when you’re a practicing physician.
But what if that day never arrives due to an accident or illness that leaves you unable to practice medicine? The income you counted on will not materialize. You may have to work in a lower-paying profession or your injuries may be serious enough that you can’t work much at all. If that happened, how will you get by for the next 20 to 30 years?
Buying a physician disability insurance policy today, while still in residency, can provide sufficient income in the event an accident or illness prevents you from practicing medicine.
One of the underwriting factors that determine the cost of disability insurance is age. The younger you are, the less you will spend on coverage. Waiting until you think you can “afford” it will add to the cost.
Sure, buying at age 35 instead of age 30 means five less years of paying premiums. But as this illustration shows here, that will not offset the additional lifetime cost of your policy (until age 65). For this Texas emergency medicine physician, buying at age 30 instead of age 35 will mean saving roughly $75 per month, $920 per year, and $4,500 over the course of his career.
And that's not the only financial benefit of purchasing disability insurance as a resident physician. Buying during this stage also allows you to take advantage of exclusive discounts for residents.
At LeverageRx, our exclusive discount program can save residents up to 40% on disability insurance. See how much you can save here.
A group or association policy is better than nothing, but it likely won’t offer you the full protection you need. Group policies are not underwritten; they cover all applicants within a certain group, such as by employment or association membership. Therefore, the insurer cannot take on as much risk with a group policy. That results in coverage that is inferior to individual insurance.
Group policies can often be canceled at any time, whereas you can also typically keep your individual policy as long as you pay the premiums, regardless of where you’re employed.
Individual policies also have stronger definitions for what constitutes disability than group policies and will pay benefits in a greater number of circumstances. You can buy added protection that pays benefits if, after suffering a disability, you can still work part-time in your chosen field or full-time in another specialty or profession.
Without the income from working as a physician, you won’t be able to repay the thousands of dollars in student loan debt. Even if you declare bankruptcy following a disability, student loans are very difficult to discharge.
Disability insurance benefits can help you replace some of the income you would lose due to injury or illness. You can use part of your insurance benefits to repay your monthly student loan bills. In addition, many policies offer an optional rider that will pay off your student loan debt in the event of disability.
Disability insurance coverage is based in large part on your current income. For doctors in residency or fellowship, benefits are typically capped between $5,000 and $6,500 a month, regardless of specialty or salary.
That obviously won’t be enough once you have the income of a practicing physician. But you can add a Future Purchase Option rider to your policy. This enables you to add more coverage once you’re through residency with have to go through medical underwriting again. The best part? You’ll lock in your current pricing when you exercise your future purchase option later down the road.
You may also be able to obtain higher coverage if you have post-residency employment set up. Some insurers will lift the residency coverage cap if you already have an employment agreement signed once you complete residency. The company would use base your coverage on the income you would earn as part of that agreement.
There are core elements every physician should including in their disability policy to provide necessary coverage. These are the most critical ones for those buying as a medical resident:
- Non-cancelable. A disability insurance policy that is non-cancelable is one that enables you to renew it at the end of each premium term until its expiration or termination date. During this time, the insurer cannot change any part of the policy, including the premium amount, and cannot cancel the policy for any reason.
- Graded premium structure. Many disability policies offer a choice between a level or graded premium structure. With a level premium, you pay the same amount for the life of the policy. A graded structure, on the other hand, starts with a lower premium payment, up to 40 percent less during the first years of a policy. The premium amount gradually increases over time as you earn more income and can afford to make higher payments.
- Own-occupation. Many disability policies only pay benefits if the individual is unable to work in any capacity. In this case, you may not collect any benefits if an illness or injury prevented you from practicing medicine so long as you were healthy enough to do other work. But with an own-occupation disability insurance policy, the policy will pay benefits if an injury prevents you from working in your medical specialty, even if you’re well enough to earn an income doing other types of work.
- Residual disability. A residual disability rider can supplement the income of a disabled person who is still working and not considered to be totally disabled. Residual benefits are typically calculated as a percentage of both the policyholder’s loss of earnings and the benefit that the policyholder would receive if he or she was unable to work. It essentially makes up the difference between what you earned before disability and what you can earn with your disability.
Colin is the CEO & Co-founder of LeverageRx, a personal finance company exclusively for healthcare professionals. A former investment banker turned entrepreneur, Colin has well over a decade of experience in the financial services industry and is also a licensed life and health insurance agent. He was named Midlands Business Journal’s 2019 Entrepreneur of the Year and his work has been featured in Forbes, Council for Disability Awareness, Medical Economics, Dental Products Report, HCP Live, and more.